What makes the Arctic different from Antarctica and Antarctica and what do they have in common?

What makes the Arctic different from Antarctica and Antarctica and what do they have in common?

Probably, most people who have long since graduated from school can not immediately answer the difference between the Arctic, Antarctica and the Antarctic – where they are, and how are they different?

Many doubt the main expense due to the similarity of names and almost identical climatic conditions.

One can only say with certainty that there are many snow, ice and icebergs there and there.

What are the similarities between the Arctic, Antarctica and Antarctica

To better understand what they are similar and what differences, it is worth starting with the fact that these places are similar.


To be more precise, it is not a similarity, but rather an opposition.

The word “Arctic” has a Greek origin. “Arctos” means “bear”. This is connected with the constellations of the Great and Little Dipper, on which people are guided in search of the Polar Star, that is, the main northern landmark.

The word “Antarctica” was invented quite recently, or rather in the twentieth century. The history of its origin is not so interesting. The matter is that “Antarctica” is a combination of two words “anti” and “Arctic”, that is, a part opposite to the Arctic, or a bear.


Eternal snow and icebergs are the result of harsh climate conditions. This is the second similarity of the above-mentioned territories.

However, it should be noted that the similarity is not quite complete, since the climate of the Arctic is still milder due to warm currents, which go far enough along the northern coast of the continent of Eurasia. Here the minimum temperature exceeds the minimum temperature of the Antarctic.

What distinguishes the Arctic, Antarctica and Antarctica

North polar region of our planet, which adjoins the North Pole.

The Arctic includes the margins of two continents – North America and Eurasia.

The Arctic includes almost the entire Arctic Ocean and many islands in it (except for the coastal islands of Norway).

The Arctic includes the adjacent parts of the two oceans – the Pacific and the Atlantic.

The average temperature in the Arctic is -34 C.

The Arctic, for the most part, can be considered a frozen ocean.


This is the southern polar region of our planet. As already mentioned, its name can be translated as “opposite to the Arctic”.

Antarctica includes the mainland Antarctica and adjacent parts of three oceans – the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian along with the islands.

Antarctica is the most severe climatic zone of the Earth. Both the mainland and the surrounding islands are covered with ice.

The average temperature in the Antarctic is -49 C.


The continent, which is located in the southernmost part of the globe.

Simply put:

Antarctica and Antarctica

1. Antarctica is the mainland. The area of ​​this continent is 14.1 million square meters. km., which puts it on the 5th place in the area among all the mainland. He overtook on this parameter only Australia. Antarctica – a deserted continent, discovered by the expedition of Lazarev-Bellingshausen in 1820.

2. Antarctica is a territory that includes both the Antarctic continent itself and all the islands adjacent to this continent and the waters of the three oceans – Pacific, Atlantic and Indian. According to foreign scientists who call the Antarctic water area the Southern Ocean, the Antarctic area is about 86 million square meters. km.

3. Relief Antarctica is much more diverse than the relief of the continent, which it includes.

Animals of Antarctica and Antarctica

4. Animal worldThe Antarctic is richer than the animal kingdom of Antarctica. Here there are more different kinds of animals, among which there are many birds (petrels, albatrosses, gulls and skuas) and several species penguins, including Adélie penguins and large emperor penguins.

It is also worth noting that in the coastal waters of the Antarctic, find whales, sperm whales, killer whales, andseals.

5. AT Antarctica it is forbidden to hunt, catch fish and carry out any other economic activity.

In the waters Antarctica You can fish and several marine mammals.

Arctic and Antarctica

1. Arctic Is the extreme north of the Earth.

Antarctic – the extreme south of the Earth.

These poles are washed by different oceans, and also they have different boundaries.

2. average temperature The Arctic is higher than the average temperature of the Antarctic.

3. Arctic consists of a frozen ocean. In summer most of this ocean thaws.

Antarctic is the mainland, and its ice does not melt.

4. AreaThe Antarctic exceeds the area of ​​the Arctic more than 2 times.

5. AT The Arctic (more precisely, beyond the Arctic Circle) people live. There are about 4 million of them.

And in Antarctica (beyond the Southern Arctic Circle) there is no permanent population. If only scientists working on temporary stations.

6. Part Arctic divided between the “Arctic five” – ​​Denmark, Canada, Norway, Russia and the United States.

Territory Antarctica for no one is fixed.

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